Cosa dovreste sapere sul modello di sicurezza dell’Ethereum

Oggi il panorama degli asset digitali si sta lentamente acclimatando al fatto che l’Ethereum 2.0 si sta finalmente realizzando. Infatti, dopo il recente lancio della Beacon Chain, sono state schiacciate le voci di un aumento dei ritardi e di un’apparente mancanza di sostegno.

Un recente rapporto di Coinmetrics ha rapidamente messo in evidenza un miglioramento della metrica nell’ecosistema dell’Ethereum. Secondo il rapporto, l’hashrate di Ethereum sta salendo a nuovi livelli elevati di tutti i tempi. Infatti, è stato il 1° dicembre che l’hashrate ha toccato un nuovo ATH, in seguito al quale la crescita è stata costante.

Ora, ciò che è interessante èche anche se l’Ethereum 2.0 promuove effettivamente la Proof of Stake, l’hashrate del PFH ha toccato un nuovo massimo il giorno dopo il lancio della catena di fari del PF 2.0.

Ora, mentre l’Ethereum 2.0 potrebbe effettivamente migliorare la sicurezza dell’Ethereum, c’è ancora molto da sapere sulla politica monetaria dell’Etereum.

Ethereum 2.0: Tasso di inflazione e sicurezza

Dopo il lancio della catena di fari Ethereum 2.0, il tasso d’inflazione annuale dei ETH scenderà ben al di sotto dell’1% e sarà addirittura inferiore al tasso d’inflazione della Bitcoin. Ora, il calo del tasso di inflazione ha molto a che fare con il suo passaggio a Proof-of-Stake.

In questo caso, è importante notare che una delle principali proposte del PoS è che gli scommettitori pagano volentieri costi di capitale più alti per un dollaro di ricompensa. In generale, ciò è dovuto al fatto che gli stakeer devono affrontare solo un costo di opportunità, una cifra che non si deprezza come quando si investe in attrezzature ASIC.

Quindi, i costi di capitale più elevati sono un vantaggio, poiché aumentano anche il costo dell’attacco all’Ethereum.

Emissione minima di sicurezza?

Con un costo del capitale più elevato, l’Ethereum sta praticamente ottenendo un livello di sicurezza uguale per ricompense in dollari più basse. Soprannominato da Ryan Watkins „Minimum Necessary Issuance“ (Emissione minima necessaria), ETH 2.0 ha bisogno di un importo minimo di emissione per garantire la sicurezza dell’Ethereum.

La politica monetaria del ETH 2.0 sta ottimizzando la rete dell’Ethereum, mentre la politica monetaria della Bitcoin punta alla „perfezione monetaria“.

L’unica conseguenza di questa argomentazione è che mancano ancora 12-24 mesi alla fase 1.5 (l’Ethereum 1.0 si è fuso a metà strada con l’ETH 2.0), il che rende l’argomentazione di cui sopra per il futuro, ma ancora inevitabile.

Verrà un momento in cui la politica monetaria di Bitcoin potrebbe scontrarsi con quella di Ethereum e mentre quella di BTC è più facile da comunicare e spiegare, il modello di sicurezza di Ethereum potrebbe essere teoricamente più sostenibile a causa del PoS.

Bitcoin (BTC) turns 12 and celebrates with price fireworks

It was 12 years ago today that the Bitcoin Blockchain was brought to life by its inventor Satoshi Nakamoto. On 3 January 2009, the first transaction was initiated on the Bitcoin Blockchain. Its unknown inventor had thus written a message in the first Bitcoin block, the so-called Genesis Block. What became of it 12 years later, no one could have imagined at the time.

With all the news about the rising Bitcoin price, some might overlook the fact that today the No.1 cryptocurrency is celebrating a birthday of sorts. 12 years ago, or to put it another way: 664,278 blocks ago, Satoshi Nakamoto created the first block of what was then still 50 BTC. This was the beginning for the oldest and most successful blockchain in the world, which today claims a market capitalisation of over 600 billion US dollars.

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The anonymous inventor launched the Bitcoin network just two months after the Bitcoin whitepaper was published. In the whitepaper, which he published on 31 October 2008, he explained Bitcoin Evolution app how the new monetary system worked. About two months later, theory turned into practice.

In Block Zero, i.e. the Genesis Block, a message was also hidden with the first transaction:

The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks

Satoshi Nakamoto
This news refers to the cover story of The London Times newspaper with the same title. For many crypto enthusiasts, the reference is clear. They see hidden in this news a criticism of the current banking and financial system. After all, bank bailouts and major social unrest occurred at the time in the wake of the financial crisis.

The London Times 03.01.2009
With the narrative „Be your own Bank“, the Bitcoin phenomenon has become an antagonist of the existing, centralised banking system. Libertarian circles in particular see Bitcoin as an opportunity for a monetary system that does without the state and banks.

What Bitcoin has become
As successful as Bitcoin is and its price is climbing one all-time high after another, Bitcoin is now more than ever in the hands of traditional financial players. Yet it is now just as much the institutional investors as private individuals who hold Bitcoin as an asset. In the course of this, states and regulatory authorities are creating regulatory guard rails for the former „cypherpunk money“.

Bitcoin has gained acceptance not as a currency, but as a store of value. The fact that digital gold protects purchasing power is now seen as Bitcoin’s primary use case. The payment function in the sense of a currency has long been secondary. The deflationary nature of Bitcoin runs counter to the original goal of creating a currency more than it helps it.

However, this in no way diminishes the added value that Satoshi Nakamoto brought into the world 12 years ago. The countless billions that flow into Bitcoin every day show that there is a demand for a digital safe haven that cannot be manipulated by central banks and states.

Forecast: Bitcoin will peak in early 2021

At the beginning of 2021, the price of bitcoin will reach its peak values, predicts the president of Newton Advisors Mark Newton.

On CNBC, the expert analyzed the cryptocurrency’s dynamics and concluded that the rally is „running out of steam,“ and we are gradually approaching the finale of the 2020 race.

On Tuesday, December 29, BTC is trading around $26,800. The largest cryptocurrency’s capitalization is approaching $500 billion.

The head of Newton Advisors said:

I think we still have a ways to go. My analysis shows that in the near term we will peak around the beginning of January.

Newton, as well as many other supporters of BTC, believes that the cryptocurrency is getting more expensive this year due to the influx of institutional investors. Such players are now staying in anticipation of another failure to buy new coins.

The president of Newton Advisors himself suggests investors to sell their bitcoins within the next two weeks. After that, he expects a correction.

The inevitability of an imminent pullback was recently stated by trader Josh Rager. In his opinion, the correction will come after reaching $30,000.

However, you should not expect a significant fall. For example, Vijay Aiyar, manager of the Luno exchange, believes that the rollback will be no more than 10-15% of the current bitcoin values.

Bullish for BTC: Bitcoin dominance through institutional investment back to 2019 level

The pioneering cryptocurrency has risen to fame again after DeFi summer stole much of the limelight.

Bitcoin’s dominance rises to 68%

According to data from the tracking site CoinMarketCap, Bitcoin’s market share dominance is now 66% after a long “DeFi summer” and a mini-old season in October. These levels were last seen in 2019, and the years before 2017 before that.

Bitcoin Superstar now accounts for 68% of the total crypto market and has a market capitalization of $ 433 billion with a current circulating supply of over 18.5 million Bitcoin .

The remaining market share is taken by Ethereum (10%), Tether and XRP (3% each), Litecoin (1%) and Cardano (0.76%) – all of them large-cap cryptocurrencies.

Bitcoin experienced a temporary slump in popularity and usage among retail investors in Q2 2020 as decentralized financial coins, networks and protocols (DeFi) saw increased interest and attracted investment from traders.

The period was marked by the rise of food tokens like KFC, YAM, SUSHI, HOTDOG, and a few others, with such protocols offering returns of up to 1,000% in some cases. Most of them failed, however, and the market has since moved on to seigniorage stablecoins.

However, some DeFi “blue chips” such as Yearn Finance, Synthetix, Aave, and others have continued to gain and maintain value and popularity.

But the king has since recovered. Bitcoin rose from under $ 11,000 in July and hit new highs in December. It exceeded $ 24,200 earlier this month after breaking key price levels such as $ 18,000 and $ 20,000 (its previous high).

The level of dominance has increased by over 100% since 2018, when the ICO frenzy of the time pushed Bitcoin to a dominance of only 32%. Ethereum rose to its highest level of 18% dominance at the time.

The big institutional bitcoin rush

Beginning in 2020, the narrative for Bitcoin turned for the better among traditional market players and institutional investment firms, with the ongoing pandemic and subsequent money printing fueling Bitcoin’s popularity among fund managers and investors.

Hedge fund manager Paul Tudor Jones raised up to $ 70 million in BTC futures in the first quarter of 2020, and other managers followed suit. In the past few months, Guggenheim Investments, Fidelity Investments, and Asian family offices have also announced that they are either buying BTC or are in the process of buying BTC.

But arguably the most significant purchase was that of corporate software manufacturer MicroStrategy. The company has been buying over a billion dollars worth of Bitcoin in various tranches since September to keep in its treasury, with CEO Michael Saylor tweeting regularly about the uses of Bitcoin ever since.

Such factors, coupled with a “supply-side crisis” (according to on-chain analysts) have done their part in the rise of Bitcoin in 2020.

The “Stable Act”, a new American law, could derail DeFi and stablecoins

A new law in the United States could pose a danger to stablecoins and the industry as a whole.

This new law could jeopardize up to a trillion dollars in transactions.

Regulatory crackdowns like this could lead to an exodus from US shores for stablecoin issuers

The decentralized finance ecosystem is growing rapidly and is starting to gain the attention of regulators. A new law in the United States could put stablecoins and the industry at risk.

Stablecoins are the backbone of DeFi, as they provide the lion’s share of liquidity in the ever-growing number of yield holdings and lending incentives. New regulatory measures could put trillion-dollar deals in the nascent financial industry at risk, according to a new study from IntoTheBlock.

Demand for and issuance of BitQT surged in 2020. Tether alone has increased its market capitalization and supply by almost 400% since January. There are now more than $ 20 billion in USDT in circulation, and regulators are starting to worry.

What is the Stable Act

A new bill from the US Congress called the “Stable Act” proposes strict regulations for issuers of stable currency such as Tether. The most important proposition is that all stablecoin issuers must have a banking charter or license, which is not currently the case.

As the latest Defiant newsletter indicates , such a crackdown could pose a significant threat to the DeFi industry, which is largely fueled by stablecoins such as USDT, USDT, and DAI .

The Stable Act also provides for the introduction of a Federal Reserve reporting and approval requirement at least six months prior to any new stablecoin issuance. Continuous auditing will also be a new requirement if the bill is passed. Another proposed rule is insuring or storing stablecoin reserves directly at the Federal Reserve, making it easier to convert to USD on demand.

If the Stable Act is passed, it will have a huge impact on the entire crypto industry.

Multi-billion dollar transactions

According to IntoTheBlock analyst Lucas Outumuro, who wrote the article, transactions involving stablecoins could be illegal if these strict regulations come into effect.

As of 2020, the cumulative amount of transactions made so far between USDT, USDC and DAI is over $ 1.04 trillion, which would be considered illegal if the Stable Act were passed at this time. moment .

He added that centralized stablecoins such as USDT and USDC , which now have more than $ 3.3 billion in circulation, could apply for a banking charter and meet the new strict requirements, but decentralized assets such as the DAI would be in trouble.

In addition, the bill also targets stablecoin validation software, which is considered illegal if it is not registered as a chartered bank. This would put Ethereum in the crosshairs since the majority of current stablecoins are based on the ERC-20 standard.

The European Central Bank has also warned against stablecoins and a major regulatory move like this could lead to an exodus of stablecoin issuers from the United States.


W ciągu ostatnich kilku dni i tygodni Bitcoin Revolution napotykał na pewien intensywny opór, który hamował jego wzrost i powodował wiele silnych odrzuceń.
Presja na sprzedaż w regionie o średniej i górnej granicy 19 000 USD była dość silna i może nadal hamować wzrost w średnim okresie.
Jeden z przedsiębiorców uważa, że jakakolwiek utrzymująca się w najbliższym czasie słabość prawdopodobnie spowoduje, że w perspektywie średnioterminowej będzie ona znacznie słabsza.
Wynika to z faktu, że obecnie prowadzi on działalność handlową tuż ponad kluczowym poziomem wsparcia technicznego, który utrzymywał się na wysokim poziomie przez cały czas trwania jego tendencji wzrostowej.
Przerwa poniżej tego poziomu może spowodować zauważalne straty w najbliższym czasie.
Mimo to, reakcja na ten poziom z dnia na dzień wydaje się działać na korzyść byków.
Bitcoin boryka się z ogromnymi zawirowaniami, odkąd jego cena osiągnęła poziom 19.000 dolarów. Chociaż wielu inwestorów spodziewało się, że po wykorzystaniu tych wysokich cen, presja sprzedaży okazała się zbyt silna.

Doprowadziło to do wielu faz konsolidacji BTC, a także do wielu silnych transakcji sprzedaży. Tak długo, jak ta tendencja będzie się utrzymywać w perspektywie średnioterminowej, BTC prawdopodobnie obniży się, zanim osiągnie poziom z wystarczającym wsparciem, aby wywołać trwałą tendencję wzrostową.

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Jeden z traderów wyjaśnił, że ten ostatni ruch obniżył wsparcie dla Bitcoina, pozostawiając dno jego chmury jako ostatnie kluczowe wsparcie.


W momencie pisania, Bitcoin handluje nieco poniżej 1% po obecnej cenie 18 450 dolarów. Oznacza to znaczny spadek w stosunku do tygodniowego wyżu o 19.400 dolarów.
Oznacza to również nieznaczne odbicie od nocnych niżów o 17.640 dolarów, które zostały wykorzystane podczas sprzedaży.

Odbicie od tego poziomu było zarówno intensywne, jak i bycze, ale wciąż ma jeszcze wiele do zrobienia, zanim ujrzy poważny impet w połowie sezonu.

Jeden z traderów wyjaśnił w ostatnim tweecie, że Bitcoin jest teraz w niepewnej sytuacji, ponieważ jego ostatni kluczowy poziom wsparcia w krótkim okresie oznacza dno jego chmury, która siedzi na poziomie około 17 400 dolarów.
„Wsparcie zostało wyraźnie zlikwidowane. Cena, która wkrótce ponownie przetestuje wsparcie chmury, będzie tęsknić za resztą z unieważnieniem poniżej“, powiedział, wskazując na poniższy wykres.

Fakt, że Bitcoin silnie zareagował na 17 700 dolarów jest pozytywnym sygnałem, ale każda słabnąca dynamika wokół obecnej ceny może doprowadzić do jej obniżenia – potencjalnie zmuszając ją do dotknięcia dna swojej chmury.

Ethereum 2.0 – 1 million ETH now in staking

Over a million Ethers (ETH), worth $ 605 million, have already been put into play as part of the Ethereum 2.0 deposit agreement

1 million of ETH and strike

The long-awaited upgrade to Ethereum 2.0 gained momentum as expected Tuesday 1 st December at 13 am. The launch concludes the opening act, or “phase 0” of Ethereum 2.0. The stake of Ether (ETH) is part of the phased evolution of the Crypto Bull blockchain towards a proof-of-stake (PoS) protocol, moving away from its current proof-of-stake design. of-Work (PoW).

And even after the successful launch, the Ethereum 2.0 deposit contract continues to attract funds. The contract has now racked up more than 1 million ETH worth over $ 605 million . We can see the evolution over time of deposits:

Risks associated with staking

The rewards for early depositors are relatively high, around 15% per year . However, the rewards will decrease as more validators join the network.

Participants will not be able to withdraw their ETH until the current Ethereum mainnet has „merged“ with this new blockchain, a process that could take several years . It is also important to keep in mind that validators may be penalized if their node’s operation is interrupted .

Some exchanges such as Coinbase are already preparing the possibility of hosting Eth2 staking on their platform. But this alternative will not be without risk as well. In November, an Amazon Web Services outage affected thousands of websites, including that of the US exchange. Such an event would also have harmed Ethereum 2.0 node operators.

So even when choosing an external provider, it is important to understand the risks associated with such an activity.

El próximo precio objetivo de Bitcoin podría ser $ 74,000, dice un analista técnico

Todd Gordon, fundador de, ha argumentado que el próximo precio objetivo para la criptomoneda insignia bitcoin es “alrededor de $ 74,000” basado en la teoría de Elliott Wave.

Mientras hablaba en “ Trading Nation “ de CNBC , Gordon señaló que es difícil darle a Bitcoin Bank un valor fundamental „porque hay prácticamente un suministro finito“, ya que solo se producirán 21 millones de bitcoins. En un intento por ver hacia dónde podría dirigirse el precio de BTC, Gordon utilizó la teoría de Elliott Wave .

Él dijo:

Es una forma maravillosa de valorar las criptomonedas porque la onda de Elliott está destinada a detectar la mentalidad de pastoreo y las emociones que impulsan el precio (miedo y codicia) y crea patrones muy reconocibles.
Gordon agregó que la teoría se basa „en la idea de que hay cinco ondas en una tendencia primaria, tres tendencias [ascendentes] y dos correcciones intermedias“. La primera ola que señaló ocurrió en 2014 y fue seguida por una disminución en 2015 y una tendencia alcista hasta 2018.

La cuarta ola, dijo, formó „una especie de triángulo lateral“ en los últimos dos años, y la quinta podría ser la que lleve el precio de BTC a su máximo histórico anterior. Según se informa, la teoría predice una „relación confiable“ entre el porcentaje de distancia recorrida en la primera ola y el cambio porcentual en la quinta ola. En 2014, el precio de BTC subió un 658%.

El comerciante técnico concluyó:

No puedo creer que vaya a salir a la CNBC y decir esto, pero son unos 74.000. La onda de Elliott va muy bien con… múltiplos de Fibonacci. Si quiere quedarse corto, puede llegar al 61% de ese objetivo, que es solo de 34.000.

En el momento de la publicación, los datos de CryptoCompare muestran que bitcoin se cotiza a $ 19,150 después de subir más del 160% hasta la fecha. En CNBC, Mark Tepper, presidente y director ejecutivo de Strategic Wealth Partners, también hizo predicciones alcistas de precios de BTC.

El CEO dijo que, hasta hace poco, había tratado a Bitcoin como una inversión especulativa que representaba una fracción de su cartera. Su enfoque cambió una vez que PayPal y otras empresas que cotizan en bolsa comenzaron a ingresar al espacio de las criptomonedas.

Zentralbanken lassen Gold fallen. Werden sie irgendwann Bitcoin kaufen? Iran sagt ja!Der Iran kauft Bitcoin

Zum ersten Mal seit zehn Jahren haben mehrere Zentralbanken weltweit begonnen, ihr Gold zu verkaufen. Laut einem Bloomberg- Bericht haben mehrere Gold produzierende Nationen den hohen Preis des Vermögenswerts genutzt, um die Auswirkungen der Pandemie auf ihre Volkswirtschaften abzuschwächen.

Gold verzeichnete in den letzten Wochen einen nahezu Rekordpreis, und dies hatte die Zentralbanken dazu veranlasst, ihr Gold fallen zu lassen, um die Wirtschaft zu verwalten

Aber lassen Sie uns über das digitale Gold Bitcoin Profit sprechen, das viele Marktschwankungen überstanden hat und sich als Absicherung gegen Inflation und Wirtschaftskrise erwiesen hat.

Zwar haben sich die Zentralbanken nicht immer für Kryptowährungen ausgesprochen, insbesondere für Bitcoin. Angesichts der Anwendungsfälle und des Werts der Kryptowährung dürfte es jedoch in Zukunft nicht zu weit sein, bis die Zentralbanken Bitcoin als Reservewert kaufen würden.

Iran nimmt Bitcoin an

Es wird gesagt, dass Veränderung die einzige Konstante auf der Welt ist, und diese Aussage hat sich in so vielen Fällen als wahr erwiesen. In einem kürzlich veröffentlichten Bericht haben die iranischen Behörden offiziell erklärt, dass Bitcoin für internationale Transaktionen verwendet wird.

Dieser Schritt hat den Iran zum ersten Land der Welt gemacht, das Bitcoin als Tauschmittel einsetzt. Die iranische Zentralbank wird legal abgebautes Bitcoin von Bergleuten kaufen, um Importe aus anderen Ländern zu finanzieren.

Kryptowährungen waren im Land bis 2019 illegal, als es seine Verordnung herausgab. Obwohl der Iran in Bezug auf Kryptowährungen nicht mehr sehr streng ist, ist er ihnen auch nicht zu nachsichtig. Da die US-Sanktionen die iranische Wirtschaft unter Druck setzen, wird es ihnen jedoch unmöglich, den Dollar für internationale Geschäfte zu verwenden.

Darüber hinaus ist die Fiat-Währung des Landes in den letzten zwei Jahren gesunken. Das iranische Rial verschlechterte sich mit der durch die COVID-19-Pandemie ausgelösten Krise.

Durch die Legalisierung des Bergbaus und der Verwendung von Bitcoin im Land wird der Iran die US-Sanktion umgehen und gleichzeitig an internationalen Geschäften teilnehmen.

Der Iran ist nur ein Fall, in dem sich die Zentralbanken mitten in einer nationalen Wirtschaftskrise an Bitcoin wandten. Im Laufe der Tage ändern viele andere Zentralbanken weltweit ihre Haltung zu Bitcoin und Kryptowährung im Allgemeinen.

Einige haben Bitcoin nicht mehr vollständig verurteilt, sondern ihre Gesetzgebung geändert, um die Verwendung von Kryptowährungen zu ermöglichen. So hat die Schweiz kürzlich ihre Kryptogesetze geändert, um die Akzeptanz durch den Mainstream zu fördern.

Cena Bitcoin Lags Behind The Growth of Crypto ATMs, która przekroczyła 11 100 instalacji

Inaczej niż kiedykolwiek wcześniej, do tej pory w każdym miesiącu 2020 roku zainstalowano ponad 250 bankomatów Bitcoin.

Podczas gdy ceny kryptokurwalut zajmują swój słodki czas, aby osiągnąć swoje wszechobecne wzloty, Bitcoin trzyma się mocno powyżej ważnego poziomu wsparcia psychologicznego 10.000 dolarów, obecnie powyżej 11.300 dolarów; tego samego nie można powiedzieć o podstawach.

Przemysł kryptograficzny nadal szybko się rozwija, a najnowszą metryką, która to odzwierciedla, są krypto bankomaty.

Po raz pierwszy liczba instalacji bankomatów kryptograficznych przekroczyła 11 100, co oznacza wzrost o prawie 75% od początku tego roku, zgodnie z danymi z radaru kryptomatu.

W 2020 roku dodano już ponad 4 700 nowych bankomatów Bitcoin, co stanowi ponad dwukrotny wzrost w porównaniu z rokiem ubiegłym, gdyż w 2019 roku zainstalowano tylko około 2200 nowych bankomatów kryptograficznych. W 2020 r. nastąpił niemal paraboliczny trend wzrostowy w tych bankomatach.

Największą zmianę netto w liczbach bankomatów kryptograficznych odnotowano we wrześniu, gdyż w tym miesiącu zainstalowano 973 bankomaty, a od maja ich liczba rośnie. W rzeczywistości, w roku 2020, inaczej niż kiedykolwiek wcześniej, w każdym miesiącu zainstalowano ponad 250 bankomatów.

Dominujący udział w tym wzroście ma Genesis Coin, który wyprodukował 35,9% tych bankomatów, a następnie General Bytes, z udziałem nieco poniżej 30%. Pozostali producenci odpowiadają za mniej niż 10% liczby zainstalowanych bankomatów kryptokurczowych według udziału producentów.

Jak zawsze, większość z tych bankomatów kryptograficznych, 86,6%, ma siedzibę w Ameryce Północnej, przy czym USA stanowią 78,6%. Europa jest kolejnym kontynentem z 11,3% tego udziału, podczas gdy inne stanowią mniej niż 1%.